There has been a lot of grain this year, almost all farmers have fulfilled the grain plan in excess. Everyone is happy with the abundant harvest. Now many farmers go on a very simple way to prepare the land for the second sowing by burning the fields freed from grain. Unfortunately, as a result of this lax behavior to the environment, when burning stems of grain or straw in one hectare the field, harmful substances such as half a kilogram of nitrogen, three kilograms of ash, nearly twenty kilograms of gas and carbon monoxide dissipate into the air. In addition, the fertile layer of the earth is burnt, the productivity of the soil is reduced. Not only small insects living in the field, rodents living underground but also storks which lay eggs, make nests on the side of the road suffer.
Yesterday, when the grain fields along a large highway leading from Tashkent to the city of Bekabad was burnt, black smoke covered the nest of stork where its baby storks who are too small to fly are in. Stork sobbing and seeking to save its baby storks disquieted me.
-I never heard that storks were as strained as the man, said the citizen named Mirsoat. Black smoke that rose from the burning field forced birds to fly back and forth around their nests in disparity.
In part 3 of article 88 of the Administrative Responsibility Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the burning straw or other remnants of plants in the fields that resulted in the pollution of atmosphere with harmful substances is punishable by an administrative fine on citizens in the amount from three to five times the minimum wage, officials shall be imposed a fine in the amount of five to ten minimum wages, compensation for damage caused to nature is also considered - said Deputy Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Central Council of the Environmental Party of Uzbekistan Islam Khushvaktov.
-It is necessary to increase the amount of fine because due to the small amount of the fine, farmers pay the fine in advance and burn the field. This is mostly done at night, but the cultivation of the ground moisturizing it does not pose such big damage to the environment.
In order to reduce the damage to nature, fines must be increased by ten or even a hundred times for farmers and those who intentionally burn the dry straw. After all, “a fine inflicted upon income in their pocket” makes people become conscientious.