On 21 June this year, the former Chairman of the Women's Committee Tanzila Kamalovna Narbaeva was appointed the Chairman of the Senate, Gulchekhra Shavkatovna was appointed rector of the Tashkent State Institute of Oriental Studies on June 28. These two appointments are being acknowledged as a new policy to ensure gender equity and strengthen women’s role in the administration.
Today, women can be seen in such important positions such as a minister, member of Parliament, senator. What are the consequences of an increase in the number of women in decision-making positions in Uzbekistan? In general, what is the role of women leaders in the development of society in the world?
At Yonsei University of South Korea, the Department of Public and Business Administration provides special lectures on the role of women in public administration. The aforementioned changes in our country have persuaded me to write about this topic.
Every citizen is a factor of development. Women make up almost 50 per cent of the population. There may be scientists, leaders among them. holding half of the population back from engaging in public administration means that the country has lost half of its development opportunities. In recent years, the world countries are trying to give women an equal right in administration.
The World Bank Report 2017: Governance and the law on international development highlighted this topic in more detail.
At the global level, 22.5 per cent of parliamentary seats is held by women. As of 2014, women make up 17.8 percent of the board of directors of the world's 200 largest companies. The number of women judges in constitutional courts worldwide is 22.4 per cent.
Women's rise to power has different effects on the development of society. According to the international report, the activities of women leaders are limited in most cases. For example, it is known that women can be seen in ministerial positions in 117 countries of the world and they focus on improving policies in favor of women.
The absence of women in public administration has caused a number of negative impacts. For example, ignoring gender equality. The inclusion of women in the elite of society provides an opportunity to expand the scope of development. For example, when activities of women who governed US cities were studied, it became known that they were more focused on the monthly income of citizens in decision - making.
In addition, women governors are inclined to make decisions with wider circles and formulations instead of making their decisions on their own. it is also conducive to the protection of the rights of citizens.
Another important aspect is that the presence of women in the legislative chamber also contributes to an effective legislative process. It is proved that they try to use their entitlement not to control but to benefit citizens.
At the same time, the inducement of female leaders to corruption and bribery has also proved to be lower than male leaders. For example, after the Law “On the Election of Women Leaders to One-Third of Local Authorities” came into force in India in 1993, corruption and bribery drastically reduced in the regions.
Reports from the African continent indicate that ethnic conflicts have decreased in the regions where women lead. There has also been a decline in corruption and bribery in regions where women run a government in Brazil.
According to a study published in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization in the year 2018, the results of observations conducted in 125 countries show that the level of corruption in states that have paid more attention to women’s role in parliament is low.
When women make laws or decisions, they think more about women, children and the family. This plays an important role in the political and administrative processes, the development of the state.
“In politics, If you want anything said, ask a man. If you want anything done, ask a woman”. – said Margaret Thatcher. The government's attention to increasing the participation of women in public administration serves the development of society.