Origin of a modern parliament is traced back to Ancient Greece and Rome. Public meeting established in 500 B.C operated on the basis of the principle “Vox populi, vox Dei”- “Voice of the public is a voice of God”. It does not mean that the public is always right. However, it denotes that a parliament stimulates people to speak out loud and regardless of how unfeasible thoughts the public generate a parliament listens to them patiently, holds talks with the government to ensure people’s rights.
Voice of the public at its “home”
Just like the human body, the state is also composed of various parts that are responsible for different functions. Society has its eyes, brain and heart, limbs. Just like the human body, if one of these parts do not function, growth is hindered.
When it comes to a democratic parliament, an image of the institution in which trustworthy and brave representatives work, which is transparent and straightforward to communicate, accountable for sake of people and effective arises in our mind. A humane parliament introduces social issues to political circles.
Freedom of speech, equity of opportunities among members are needed for representatives elected by people to employ their entitlements fully in the Parliament.A parliament must not be under control of the government. In this case, the first and foremost requirement for democratic parliament is met- voice of the public emerges at its "home”
The obstruction of development
In the 21st century, most governments realize that the terms such as “democracy” and “just administration” are not just words that embellish reports and speeches but indispensable pillars of consistent development. Instability in society is attributable to violence and wrong decisions. In this sense, violation of human rights threatens peace and development.
According to experts, the main factor that halts the growth of developing countries is a weak parliament. The central institution of democracy does exist, but it is mal-functioning. As a result, corruption, monopoly, and separation hit a peak in such societies; government bodies do not meet their burdens; a level of accountability of government for people is not noticeable; citizens lose their trust in government; laws are adopted but not implemented; citizens’ role in the development of a society becomes negligible.
“Theory of broken oaths”
Pivotal sign of democracy which is transparent and fair elections lead to the parliament in which laws are adopted, people’s dreams and desires are discussed. In other words, people vote for educated ones who they trust. If these representatives take people’s preferences into consideration while adopting laws and people believe their benefits are consolidated in government administration, reciprocal cooperation is established and constant actions are taken in the fair administration system.
Effectiveness of elections is connected to the roles of political parties. Parties generate a new generation of politicians who are eager to assist the nation, ensure the emergence of leaders in political circles. Otherwise, parliament justifies the political theory that originated in the last century- this place will remain as “home to broken oaths”
The public has its “eyes and limbs”
The second significant institution following parties for the effectiveness of parliament is media. Media is an important bridge in the process of examining the public and letting them aware.
In recent years, journalism has become the public’s eyes and ears. Especially, digital platforms which are under pressure of censorship have embarked on a new approach to ensure human rights. Online platforms are like crystal clear windows. The Mass media that witness the public’s bliss or grief tend to inform about it straight away, internet users are able to provide their opinions over this news.
Do people have a “voice”?
It is parliament responsibility to deliver the public’s will to the government. The parliament is people’s voice. A person knows how to speak but his or her tongue does not function and voice does not come out. A person who does not reveal his or her wills, desires, bliss and griefs becomes apathetic and chronically ill.
Politicians of Rome became never sick of having a head of state recite ancient laws over and over: “Government will live unless the principle that led to its birth has effect: we are the public here, we are with the public and stand up for the public!”